Courses : Department of Zoology

Summary of Courses offered by B.Sc. Zoology students

 

Course codes

Short Title and Description of Course

Units

Status

Pre-requisite

Lecture/Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

 

Total Work Load

ZOO 111

Principles of Animal Biology

3

C

-

30

45

75

ZOO  112

The Mammalian Body

3

C

-

30

45

75

ZOO 113

Diversity of Animal Life

3

C

-

30

45

75

GES 101

Use of English I

3

C

-

30

0

30

GES 107

Reproductive Health, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

3

C

-

30

0

30

CHE 127

Inorganic Chemistry

3

R

-

45

0

45

CHE 157

Physical Chemistry

4

R

-

60

0

60

CHE 177

Tetravalency of Carbon

3

R

-

45

0

45

CHE 195

Practical Chemistry

2

R

-

0

90

90

PHY 114

Basic Principles of Physics I – Mechanics and Properties of Matter

3

R

-

30

45

75

PHY 115

Basic Principles of Physics IV -  Heat and Thermodynamics

3

R

-

30

0

30

BOT 111

Cryptogamic Botany

3

R

-

30

45

75

BOT 141

Basic Principles in Botany

3

R

-

30

45

75

STA 111

Descriptive Statistics

4

R

-

30

0

30

STA 121

Statistical Inference I

4

R

-

60

0

60

ARC 122

Environment and Humans

5

E

-

90

0

90

GEY 101

Introduction to Geology

3

E

-

30

45

75

STA 131

Statistical Computing I

2

E

STA 111

30

0

30

STA 112

Probability I

4

E

-

60

0

60

 

Total Units: C= 15; R = 30; E = 14

 

 

 

 

 

 

200 LEVEL

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIO  211

Introductory Genetics and Cell Physiology

4

C

-

30

60

90

BIO 212

Introductory Ecology

2

C

-

15

45

60

BIO 214

Biological Techniques

2

C

-

15

45

60

ZOO  211

Invertebrate Zoology

3

C

ZOO 113

30

45

75

ZOO 212

Chordate Zoology

3

C

ZOO 113

30

45

75

GES 103 or

Government, Society and the Economy

 

2

C

-

30

0

30

GES 105

Agriculture, Renewable Natural Resources, Animal Husbandry and Health

2

C

-

30

0

30

CHE 229

Basic Inorganic Chemistry for Non-Majors

3

R

CHE 127

30

0

30

CHE 259

Physical Chemistry for the Life Sciences

3

R

CHE 157

45

0

45

CHE 279

Basic Aromatic and Natural Products Chemistry for Non-Majors

3

E

CHE 177

45

0

45

BOT 211

General Botany I

3

E

 

30

45

75

MIC 221

Introductory Microbiology

2

E

BOT 111

30

45

75

ARC 222

Introduction to Environmental Archaeology

5

E

-

45

45

90

ANT 216

Hominid Evolution and Early Cultural Development

4

E

-

30

45

75

STA 201

Statistics for Agriculture and Biological Sciences

4

E

-

60

0

60

 

Total Units: C= 18; R = 06; E = 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

300 LEVEL

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIO 311

Genetic Variability and Evolution

3

C

BIO 211

30

45

75

BIO 312

General Ecology

3

C

BIO 212

30

45

75

BIO 317

Field Course I

3

C

BIO 312

15

90

105

ZOO 311

Comparative Animal Physiology

3

C

BIO 211, ZOO 211, 212

30

45

75

ZOO 315

Principles of Development

3

C

BIO 211

ZOO 212

15

45

60

ZOO 316

Histology

3

C

-

15

90

105

ZOO 399

Industrial/Fields Experience

6

C

-

0

0

0

ZOO 312

The Biology of Tropical Parasitology

3

R

ZOO 211

30

45

75

ZOO 313

Arthropods Diversity

3

R

ZOO 211

30

45

75

ZOO 314

Vertebrate Zoology

4

R

ZOO 212

30

45

75

MIC 307

Immunology

2

E

MIC 221

30

45

75

MIC 322

Bacteriology

2

E

MIC 221

30

45

75

CHE 329

Inorganic Chemistry for Life Sciences

3

E

CHE 229

45

0

45

GEY 358

Marine Geology

2

E

GEY 101

30

0

30

 

Total Units: C= 21; R = 10; E = 09

 

 

 

 

 

 

400 LEVEL

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIO 417

Field Course II

3

C

BIO 317

15

90

105

ZOO 418

Essay

2

C

-

0

90

90

ZOO 419

Project

4

C

-

0

180

180

BIO 411

Genetics in Molecular Biology

3

R

BIO 311

30

45

3

ZOO 411

Entomology

4

R

ZOO 313

30

45

75

ZOO 412

Principles of Parasitology

4

R

ZOO 312

45

45

90

ZOO 413

Hydrobiology and Fisheries

4

R

BIO 312

ZOO 314

45

45

90

BIO 412

Biogeography

2

E

BIO 312

ZOO 314

30

0

30

BIO 413

Histology of Biology

2

E

-

30

0

30

BIO 414

Impact of Biology on Society

2

E

-

30

0

30

BIO 415

Environmental Biology

3

E

BIO 312, ZOO 314

30

0

30

BIO 416

Toxicology

3

E

-

30

45

75

ZOO 414

Special Topics in Physiology

3

E

ZOO 311

30

45

75

ZOO 415

Wildlife Ecology and Conservation

3

E

BIO 312, ZOO 314

30

45

75

ZOO 416

ZOO 417

Animal Behaviour

3

E

ZOO 211, ZOO 212

30

45

75

ZOO 417

Local Fauna

3

E

-

30

45

75

 

Total Units: C= 09; R = 15; E = 24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C=Compulsory 

R=Required

E=Elective

 

 

                                                          

  DETAILS OF B.Sc. ZOOLOGY COURSES AND DESCRIPTION

Course  codes 

 

 

Short Title and Description of Course 

Hours of Lectures/Tutorials 

Hours of Practicals 

Units 

Pre-requisites 

Status 

 

 

ZOO 111

Principles of Animal Biology:

Macromolecular basis of life: Cellular basis of biological organization. Cell structure and function; energy production and utilization. Information transfers; genetic inheritance and variation; reproduction, embryogenesis and growth. The organism and its environment

30                                 

45

3

-

C

 

 

ZOO 112

The Mammalian Body:

The anatomy and physiology of rat, adaptation to environment. External features. Skin/Skeleton and muscular systems. Digestion and absorption of food; nutrition, Gas exchange and transports. The blood and circulatory system. The kidney and homeostasis. Nervous and chemical coordination    

30

45

3

-

C

 

 

ZOO 113

Diversity of Animal Life:

General classification of animals. The concept of evolution. Characteristic and life history of representative types from each phylum. Animal of medical, veterinary and agricultural importance.

30

45

3

-

C

 

 

BIO 211

Introductory Genetics and Cell Physiology:

Cell structure and functions. Chromosome organization Mendelian Genetics, Linkage and recombination. Sex-linked inheritance. Phylogenic inheritance, DNA, RNA. Protein synthesis. Bioenergetics membrane biology              

30

90

4

-

C

 

 

BIO 212

Introductory Ecology:                         

The ecosystem and community structure. The ecological factors Affecting plants and animals in terrestrial and aquatic habitat. Major terrestrial biomes. Productivity, Energy flow nutrient cycling.

30

-

2

-

C

 

BIO 214

Biological Techniques:

Microscopes, Preparation of microscope slides, Photometry, Colorimetry, Chromatography, Condoctometry, Experimental designs.

30

45

3

-

C

 

ZOO 211

Invertebrate Zoology:                          

The systematic inter-relationships and basic organization of the invertebrates.      

30

45

3

-

C

ZOO 212

Chordate Zoology:

The systematic inter-relationships and basic organization of the vertebrates            

30

45

3

-

C

 

 

BIO 311

Genetic Variability and Evolution:                    

Structure of DNA. Mutations. Protein structure. Effect of mutation on genetic recombination. Genetic mapping at the molecular level. Mendelian populations and Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Variation, natural selection and speciation evolution. 

30

45

3

BIO

211

C

 

BIO 312

General Ecology:

The ecology of local terrestrial and aquatic communities. Population characteristics and regulation of members.

30

45

3

BIO

212

C

 

BIO 317

Field Course I:                                                     

Sampling techniques in local habitats. Assessment by report. 

15

90

3

BIO 312

C

 

 

ZOO 311

Comparative Animal Physiology:                      

Nutrition and Digestion, Respiration, Blood and circulation, Excretion and homeostasis. The physiology and movement, hormones, nervous communication and sense organs.

30

45

3

BIO 211

ZOO 211

ZOO 212

C

 

 

ZOO 312

The Biology of Tropical Parasites:

Classification, adaptation morphology, Anatomy, Life cycle and other features of interest in the protozoans, platylhelminths, nematodes and parasitic arthropods; drawing particular attention to the various adaptations to the drawing of life exhibited by selected members of the group.

30

45

3

ZOO 211

R

 

 

ZOO 313

Arthropod Diversity:                                           

Adaptive radiation within phylum Arthropoda with particular reference to the structure and functions of the body appendages. General biology of selected arthropod groups. Biological success of the arthropods. 

30

45

3

ZOO 211

R

 

ZOO 314

Vertebrate Zoology:                                             

Vertebrate systematics, evolution and functional anatomy; geographical distribution of recent vertebrates; the Nigerian vertebrate fauna. 

30

90

3

ZOO 212

R

 

 

ZOO 315

Principle of Development:

Problems and process of development. Gene-activity in oogenesis, cytoplasmic localization in the mature egg. Gastrulation and cell interactions, cellular and molecular basis of embryogenesis. Tissue interactions in development. The significance of the placenta and the development of immunity.

30

45

3

BIO 211

 

C

 

 

ZOO 316

Histology:                                                                              

The cellular basis of tissue formation. Cell communication. Stability of the differentiated state. The formation, distribution, structure and function of vertebrate tissues. The organization of tissues into organ systems. Histochemical techniques.

15

45

3

BIO 214

ZOO 212

C

ZOO 399

Industrial/Field Experience:                                                                               

             a) Fisheries

                b) Wildlife Management

                c) Biology of Aquatic Environment

                d) Entomology

                e) Animal and Public Health

                f) Biotechnology    

-

-

6

-

C

 

 

BIO 411

Genetics in Molecular Biology:

Genetics fine structure analysis in Drosophila, Neurospora, Bacteria and Viruses.    Biochemical and nucleic acid genetics. Structure and function of DNA and RNA. Genetic recombination, DNA replication. Genetic control of protein biosynthesis. The evolution of genetic systems.

 

30

 

45

 

3

 

BIO 311

 

R

 

 

BIO 412

Biogeography:                                      

The subdivisions of the earth into zoogeography regions; the transition zones. The distribution of plants and animals and the continental drift; and animals and plant distribution. Discontinuous distribution. The effect of man on the distribution of plants and animals. The origin of domesticated animals and cultivated crops.

The biogeography of Homo sapiens.

30

-

2

BIO 312

ZOO 316

 

E

 

 

BIO 413

History of Biology:

An introduction to growth and development of ideas and concepts in Biology from the ancient. Greek era through Renaissance period to the turn of the 20th Century with accounts of the contributions made by various individuals and institutions.

 

30

-

2

-

E

 

BIO 414

Impact of Biology on Society:

Concept in Biology which influence human societies. Evolution Genetics, Reproduction, Biotechnology and Recombinant DNA.

30

-

2

-

E

 

 

BIO 415

Environmental Biology:

The human environment – land, water and air. Impact of man’s activities on these environments including their effects on the fauna and flora. Environmental mutagens and carcinogens. Management of human environment including solid wastes disposal 

30

45

3

BIO 312

ZOO 314

E

BIO 416

Toxicology:

The human environment, Toxins/Poisons (Natural and Man-made), Sources of toxins; acute and chronic exposure. Effects of toxins. Evaluation ( Toxicity testing, hazard evaluation, Risk assessment, field validation, chemical safety evaluation). Control/remedies. Toxic waste disposals, regulatory policies, FEPS, GONS, other Environmental Institutions. Equivalent existing course-None. 

30

45

3

-

E

 

 

BIO 417

Field Course II:

Sampling Techniques; Equipment existing. Course-None. Sampling methods in Parasitology, hydrobiology and Fisheries, Entomology, Physiology, Genetics and Cell Biology. 

15

90

3

BIO 317

C

 

 

ZOO 411

Entomology

Origin and phylogeny of insects. Biology of control of selected groups which are of economic importance in the tropics (particularly in Nigeria). Aspects of crops; stored products and vector diseases of man and his domestic animals. Insect physiology.

45

45

4

ZOO 313

R

 

ZOO 412

Principle of Parasitology:                                                         

Evolution of parasitic mode of life. Nature of parasitism in relation to other forms of animal associations. Host-parasitic relationship. Epidemiological studies and control measures of important tropical parasitic diseases and the roles of vectors in the transmission of these diseases. 

 

 

45

 

 

45

 

 

4

 

 

ZOO 312

 

 

R

 

 

ZOO 413

Hydrobiology and Fisheries:                                                               

A comparative of the hydrobiology and cycle of life in marine, brackish and freshwater. Fisheries biology including the food and feeding habits of fish populations. Fecundity and reproduction, age and growth. Aquaculture with particular reference to Nigeria. The fish fauna of Nigeria. Fishing gear and fishing techniques. 

45

45

4

BIO 312

ZOO 314

R

 

ZOO 414

Special Topics in Physiology:

Specialized aspects of animal physiology, for example; muscle contraction and cytoskeleton elements, intracellular microenvironment and metabolic compartmentation; membrane organization, receptors and endocytosis, cell communication

30

45

3

ZOO 311

E

 

 

ZOO 415

Wildlife Ecology and Conservation:                  

Dynamics of wildlife population. Techniques of wildlife investigation. Principle of wildlife management. The wildlife resources of Nigeria; conservation policies, problems and prospects. World wildlife resources; differences in values, management philosophies and traditions. 

30

45

3

BIO 312

ZOO 314

E

 

 

ZOO 416

Animal Behaviour:                                                              

The basis of behavior orientation mechanism in animals, instinct and intelligence, feeding behaviour, social life, courtship and mating, migration and navigation. Biological clocks and rhythms. 

30

45

3

ZOO 211

ZOO 212

E

 

ZOO 417

Local Fauna:

General survey of local molluscs, arthropods, and vertebrates. Equivalent existing course – None

30

45

3

-

E

 

ZOO 418

Essay:    

An essay based on a review of the literature on a Zoology topic            

30

-

2

-

C

 

ZOO 419

Project:

A research project involving an investigation in Zoology and a written presentation and discussion of results.

30

-

2

-

E

                      C=Compulsory                  R=Required        E=Elective

CURRICULUM FOR POSTGADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMMES IN ZOOLOGY

INTRODUCTION:

Graduate studies started in the Department in 1956, as part of the Graduate Programme of the University of London. The main focus has been and remains: to advance critical, independent and original thought, to train students in analytical and investigative processes in Zoology, to provide highly skilled scientists capable of applying their knowledge to solving pressing societal problems, particularly in Zoology, Medicine, Agriculture, Education, Veterinary Science and the Environment

 

AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION AVAILABLE FOR POSTGRADUATE DEGREES

  • Animal Physiology
  • Cell Biology and Genetics
  • Cellular Parasitology
  • Ecology and Environmental Biology
  • Entomology
  • Hydrobiology and Fisheries
  • Parasitology

 CURRICULUM FOR M.Sc. DEGREE PROGRAMME IN ZOOLOGY

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

Admission to the programmes shall be open to graduates of the University of Ibadan or other Universities recognized by the Senate, who have been admitted to the Bachelor of Science Degree in Zoology or related disciplines. Candidates admitted to the programmes shall be required to register for a minimum of 30 units, including ZOO 750, ZOO 751 and ZOO 752.

To qualify for the award of the Degree, a candidate must spend a minimum of three semesters and maximum of five semesters, and pass at least 30 units including all compulsory courses, as indicated for each programme.

Candidates admitted to the programme may be required audit relevant courses at the undergraduate level.

 EXAMINATION AND GRADING

This will follow Postgraduate School guidelines.

RESEARCH SUPERVISORS AND COURSE TEACHERS

Each candidate for the higher Degree Programme shall have one or more supervisors. The Supervisors of candidates for M.Sc. Degrees must have a Ph.D Degree.

SUMMARY OF COURSES

Courses and Project Load

a. All candidates shall be required to register for and take an approved combination of courses. Courses shall be evaluated in terms of course units and/or contact hours.

b. A course unit is currently defined as one hour lecture/tutorial contact hour per week; or three hours of laboratory/practical class per week throughout a semester; or an equivalent amount of other assigned study or practical experience or any combination of these.

Courses available to candidate admitted into each area of specialization are listed below. Students are also advised, wherever appropriate, to register for courses available in other departments.

 

SUMMARY OF COURSES OFFERED BY M.Sc. ZOOLOGY STUDENTS

Course codes

Short Title and Description of Course

Units

Status

 

(a)     ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY

 

 

ZOO 722

Physiology of Reproduction and Excretion   

3

E

ZOO 723

Respiratory and Circulatory Physiology        

3

E

ZOO 724

Physiology and Environment

3

R

ZOO 725

Physiology of Digestion                          

3

E

ZOO 726

Animal Hormones                                          

3

R

ZOO 727

The Physiology of Excitable Tissues              

3

E

ZOO 728

Techniques In Animal Physiology                 

3

R

ZOO 774

 Physiology and Biochemistry of Parasites                                                 

3

E

ZOO 762

 Insect Physiology and Biochemistry

3

E

ZOO 750

Project                                                              

6

C

ZOO 751

Seminar                                                                 

2

C

ZOO 752

Research Techniques

4

C

 

(b)     CELL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS

 

 

ZOO 790

Cellular Organization and Compartmentation   

3

R

ZOO 791

Human Genetics                                  

3

E

ZOO 792

Macromolecular structure and Functions        

3

E

ZOO 793

Molecular Genetics                                         

3

R

ZOO 794

Environmental Mutagens                  

3

E

ZOO 795

Advanced Cytogenetics                                 

3

R

ZOO 796

Population and Quantitative Genetics            

3

E

ZOO 730

Techniques in Animal Genetics                     

3

R

ZOO 731

Environmental Carcinogenesis                      

2

E

ZOO 777

Parasite Immunology                                       

3

E

ZOO 750

Project                                                             

6

C

ZOO 751

Seminar                                                          

2

C

ZOO 752

Research Techniques

4

C

 

(c)     CELLULAR PARASITOLOGY

 

 

ZOO 790

Cellular Organization and Compartmentation  

3

E

ZOO 792

Macromolecular Structure and Function         

3

E

ZOO 793

Molecular Genetics                                               

3

E

ZOO 797

Genomics and Molecular Evolution of Parasites 

3

E

ZOO 798

Molecular Techniques in Parasitology            

3

E

ZOO 772

Transmission and Diseases of Protozoa parasite 

4

E

ZOO 773

Epidemiology and Control of Parasitic Diseases in the Tropics

4

E

ZOO 774

 Physiology and Biochemistry of Parasites      

4

R

ZOO 776

Transmission and Diseases of Helminth Parasites

4

E

ZOO 777

Parasite Immunology                                            

3

R

ZOO 732

Functional Genomics and Bioinformatics       

3

E

ZOO 733

Molecular basis of Host-Parasite Interactions

3

R

ZOO 750

Project                                                                     

6

C

ZOO 751

Seminar                                              

2

C

ZOO 752

Research Techniques                                          

4

C

 

(d)     ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY

 

 

ZOO 701

Pollution and Climate Change                 

3

E

ZOO 710

Methods in Animal Ecology                           

3

R

ZOO 711

Ecology of Tropical Terrestrial Ecosystems  

3

E

ZOO 712

Advanced Population Dynamics                    

3

E

ZOO 713

Behavioural Ecology                                     

3

E

ZOO 714

Advanced topics in Ornithology                   

3

E

ZOO 715

Ecotoxicology                                                

3

R

ZOO 716

Environmental Impact Assessments              

3

R

ZOO 717

Marine Ecology                                               

3

E

ZOO 718

Ecology of Zoo and Captive Animals           

3

E

ZOO 719

Wetlands                                                           

4

E

ZOO 781

Limnology                                                        

4

E

ZOO 794

Environmental Mutagens                               

4

E

ZOO 750

Project                                                             

6

C

ZOO 751

Seminar                                                          

2

C

ZOO 752

Research Techniques                                         

4

C

 

(e)     ENTOMOLOGY

 

 

ZOO 760

Insect taxonomy                                              

3

E

ZOO 761

Insect Ecology                                                  

4

E

ZOO 762

Insect Physiology and Biochemistry             

3

E

ZOO 763

Biology of Non-insect Arthropods                

3

E

ZOO 764

Aquatic Entomology                                       

3

R

ZOO 765

Insect Vectors                                                   

3

R

ZOO 766

Principles of stored products Entomology   

3

E

ZOO 767

Biology of Selected insects Groups              

3

E

ZOO 768

Management of Harmful Insects                 

3

E

ZOO 769

Research Techniques in Entomology          

3

R

ZOO 750

Project                                                          

6

C

ZOO 751

Seminar                                         

2

C

ZOO 752

Research Techniques               

4

C

 

(f)      HYDROBIOLOGY AND FISHERIES

 

 

ZOO 717

Marine Ecology                                                 

3

E

ZOO 780

Fish Biology                                                 

4

R

ZOO 781

Limnology                                                    

4

R

ZOO 782

Principles of Fish culture                             

4

R

ZOO 783

Taxonomy of Nigerian Fishes                      

3

E

ZOO 784

Aquatic Resources                                          

3

E

ZOO 785

Fish and Fishing Technology                        

3

E

ZOO 786

Fish Nutrition and Growth                             

3

E

ZOO 750

Project                                                             

6

C

ZOO 751

Seminar                                                          

2

C

ZOO 752

Research Techniques                                         

4

C

 

(g)     PARASITOLOGY

 

 

ZOO 770

Basic principles and concepts in Parasitology   

3

E

ZOO 771

Taxonomy of Parasitic Organisms                    

3

E

ZOO 772

Transmission and Diseases of Protozoan Parasites

3

R

ZOO 773

Epidemiology and Control of parasitic Disease in the tropics

3

R

ZOO 774

Physiology and Biochemistry of Parasites      

3

E

ZOO 775

Research Techniques in Parasitology             

4

R

ZOO 776

Transmission and Diseases of Helminth Parasites

3

R

ZOO 777

Parasite Immunology                                      

3

E

ZOO 750

Project                                                            

6

C

ZOO 751

Seminar                                             

2

C

ZOO 752

Research Techniques                                       

4

C

C=Compulsory

 

R=Required

E=Elective 

 

                                                               

DETAILS OF M.Sc. ZOOLOGY COURSE DESCRIPTION 

M.Sc. Zoology (Animal Physiology)

Course

Code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 722

Physiology of Reproduction and Excretion

Evolution of reproduction and the attendant modifications in activities. Structures and functions of the male and female reproductive systems in animals. Mechanism of reproductive survival in distress time. Structures and functions of excretory system in different animals. Electrolytes and acid-base dynamics. Basic mechanisms in Nitrogen excretion and water balance. Relationship between reproductive and excretory systems.

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

R

ZOO 723

Respiratory and Circulatory Physiology

Structures, functions and ventilation of respiratory surfaces. Gas exchange, physical properties of oxygen and carbon dioxide in water and air, factors affecting diffusion of gases. Limitations of diffusion and strategies to overcome. Air and water as respiratory environments. Respiratory physiology in unusual environments. Circulatory structures, Circulation in animals. Blood tissue and fluids-composition and activities. The lymphatic system and immunity. Blood typing, Relationship between circulation and respiration in animals.

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

ZOO 724

Physiology and Environment

The Physiological adaptation of animals to their environment. Food selection and feeding behaviour. Biological rhythms. Dormancy and migration. Responses of Animals to polluted environments.

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

45

 

 

3

 

 

R

ZOO 725

Physiology of Digestion

The variety of alimentary systems Digestive enzymes and their kinetics. Gut motility. The control of Gut function.

 

30

 

45

 

3

 

E

 

 

ZOO 726

Animal hormones

Classification of invertebrate and vertebrate hormones. Endocrine organs. Regulation of hormones, production and action, hormone receptors. Mediators of hormonal effects, Hormones in metabolism, growth and reproduction. Pheromones

 

 

30 

 

 

45

 

 

3

 

 

R

ZOO 727

The Physiology of Excitable tissues

Neural organization in invertebrates and vertebrates .The propagation and transmission of nerve impulses. Sensory structures. Nervous integration and neural control of muscles function. The mechanics and biochemical basis of muscle contraction. The comparative physiology of contraction. The comparative physiology of muscle. The electric organs of fishes. Cilia and Flagella.

 

 

30 

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

E

ZOO 728

Techniques In Animal Physiology

Methods and objectives of photometric analysis, Spectrophotometry, Turbidimetry, absorption laws, absorption of light by coloured solution (Beers’ law), deviation due to nature of sample. Preparation of enzyme extract, gut tissue, tissue homogenates, dialysis. Analysis of protein of various animals. Calibration and use of Cathode ray Oscilloscope. Animal care and use.

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

R

 

R=Required                           E=Elective

 

M. Sc. Zoology (Cell Biology and Genetics)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 790

Cellular Organization and Compartmentation

Principles of cell fractionation. Cell organelles. Energy production. Cell membranes and surface receptors. Endocytosis and lysosomes. Exocytosis and membrane recycling. Cytoskeletal elements. 

30

45

3

R

ZOO 791

Human Genetics

Pattern of transmission of single gene traits in humans, multifactorial inheritance, sex determination, Multiple birth: twining, Developmental Genetics, Haemoglobin, Genetic basis of human diseases. Genetic counselling, Gene Therapy. Human Genome.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 792

Macromolecular Structure and Function

DNA: biosynthesis of precursors; enzymology, mechanism of replication; modification and restriction. Regulation of DNA and RNA synthesis; repressors. Ribosome structure and function. Protein synthesis and structure in relation to function.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 793

Molecular Genetics

Recombinant DNA. DNA sequencing. Genetic engineering: Organization and expression of foreign genes introduced into cells. Organization and reorganization of immunoglobulin. Bioinformatics.

30

45

3

R

ZOO 794

Environmental Mutagens

Interaction between gene and environment, sources and types of mutagens. Mechanism of mutagenesis. DNA repair mechanism. Genetic factors in the response to mutagens. Genetic risks to man with particular reference to tropical environment. Assay for evaluating mutagens. Mutagens and carcinogens. Toxicogenomics

30

45

3

E

ZOO 795

Advanced Cytogenetics

Chromosomes: evolution, Heterochromatin and Euchromatin, structure and function; Telomere structure and function. Cell cycle and mitosis, Cell cycle checkpoints. Karyotyping; aberration and associated syndromes. Chromosome aberration and cancer. Polyploidy and evolutions in animals.

30

45

3

R

ZOO 796

Population and Quantitative Genetics

Sampling techniques. Genetic markers and biometrics traits. Gene and genotypic frequencies in natural populations. Mating systems, gene pools and natural selection, Analysis of Genetic variation. Genetic polymorphism.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 730

Techniques in Animal Genetics

Cytogenetic analysis in vertebrates - [Pisces (fish), Amphibian (Toad), Reptilian (Lizard), Aves (chicken) and mammals (rodents)]; Techniques of analysing human chromosomal anomalies; Genetic analysis of animal and Human populations; DNA extraction, Comet assay technique, DNA content analysis using Flow cytometry, Cancer cell culture, Nuclear/cell division analysis.

30

45

3

R

ZOO 731

Environmental Carcinogenesis:

Introduction: Multi-stages of cancer development.

Genetic alteration and instability in cancer cells.

Inherited predisposition to cancer.

Cancer genes. Cell Cycle Control and Cancer: Deregulation of differentiation and proliferation, apoptosis.

Oxidative damage in carcinogenesis.

Carcinogens: Biological carcinogens (infectious agents/bacteria, parasites, viruses); chemicals, radiation. Human Cancer Chemoprevention.

30

0

2

E

 

R=Required 

E=Elective 

 

 

 

 

 

M. Sc. Zoology (Cellular Parasitology)

Course Code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

 

ZOO 790

Cellular Organization and Compartmentation

Principles of cell fractionation. Cell organelles. Energy production. Cell membranes and surface receptors. Endocytosis and lysosomes. Exocytosis and membrane recycling. Cytoskeletal elements.

 

 

30

 

 

45

 

 

3

 

 

R

 

ZOO 792

Macromolecular Structure and Function

DNA: biosynthesis of precursors; enzymology, mechanism of replication; modification and restriction. Regulation of DNA and RNA synthesis; repressors. Ribosome structure and function. Protein synthesis and structure in relation to function.

 

 

30

 

 

45

 

 

3

 

 

E

 

ZOO 793

Molecular Genetics

Recombinant DNA. DNA sequencing. Genetic engineering: Organization and expression of foreign genes introduced into cells. Organization and reorganization of immunoglobulin. Bioinformatics.

 

 

 

30

 

 

45

 

 

3

 

 

R

 

 

 

ZOO 797

 

 

 

 

 

Genomics and Molecular Evolution of Parasites

Kinetoplast phylogeny and evolution; Development of eukaryotic transcriptional control mechanisms; the origin and function of subcellular organelles; the nature of host-pathogen relationship; the role of lateral genetic transfer in the phylogenic history of higher eukaryotes and comparative genomics evolution; RNA processing and post-transcriptional gene regulation.

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

E

 

 

ZOO 798

Molecular Techniques in Parasitology

Molecular methods in diagnosis of parasitic infections; Methods in malaria research; Cellular methods (Preparation of PBMC, Crude parasite antigens, T-cell proliferation, etc); methods in trypanosomiasis research.

 

 

30

 

 

45

 

 

3

 

 

E

 

 

 

ZOO 732

Functional Genomics and Bioinformatics

DNA sequences: formats, databases, and DNA sequence manipulations. Sequence comparison-alignment, multiple/pairwise sequence alignment and scoring matrices. Introduction to phylogenetics and phylogenetic inference. Protein structure and visualization. Prediction of 

protein properties, RNA structure and protein motif. Approaches and tools of genefinding. Gene prediction in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Genome databases, genome sequencing journal club. Transcription analyses and DNA sequence assembly.

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

ZOO 733

Molecular basis of Host-Parasite interactions

Mechanisms of parasite pathogenicity.

Host cell recognition by parasites. Analysis of specific virulence factors.

The molecules of pathogens that stimulate or modulate immune responses and the

nature of these immune responses, Mechanisms of immune regulation and

 key surface molecules. Identifying and characterizing drug targets. Elucidating mechanisms of drug resistance. The design of novel drugs and vaccines to combat parasitic diseases. The interaction of the insect vector with its parasite infection and with man.

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

R

 

R=Required 

E=Elective 

 

 

 

 

 

                   

M.Sc. Zoology (Ecology and Environmental Biology)

Course code

Course title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 710

Methods in Animal Ecology

Sampling techniques and methods of estimating animal abundance; dispersion and dispersal; the construction of life tables; the estimation of productivity and construction of energy budgets.

Analysis of ecological data

10, 20 ,30 Production;.

Energy production and utilization.

30

90

4

R

ZOO 711

Ecology of Tropical Terrestrial Ecosystem

The animal communities of lowland forests, savannas, deserts and mountain systems. Community structure, function and dynamics. Adaptation of animals to different tropical environments; and effect of human activity on tropical ecosystems. Biodiversity and Conservation.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 712

Advance Population Dynamics

Theories of population regulations; analysis of changes within population; species interactions (competition, and predator/prey relationships).

Evolutionary responses; Social environment and integration of population.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 713

Behavioural Ecology

The survival value of behavioural patterns, the strategies of social organization. Breeding seasons, sexual behaviour. Food habits and territoriality as mechanisms that result in optimal utilization.

Case studies.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 714

 

Advanced Topics in Ornithology

The biology, distribution ecology, systematic and economic importance of bird fauna of Africa. Field Techniques in ornithology

30

45

3

E

ZOO 715

Ecotoxicology

Principles of Toxicology/Ecotoxicology, Sources of exposure to toxins- Natural and manmade toxins; Toxins in the Nigerian environment; Ecotoxicological risk assessment including exposure assessment and dose response assessment; bioassays for ecotoxin, Biochemical Toxicology, Ethics of toxicological studies involving animals, Radiation biology.

30

45

3

R

ZOO

716

Environmental impact Assessment(EIA)

Principles and concepts of EIA; Field case studies of impact assessment in Nigeria; Indicator species and organisms of value in Environmental assessment

30

90

3

R

ZOO 717

Marine Ecology

Ecology of coastal waters including estuaries and lagoons. Physical and chemical oceanography, Marine resources, marine pollution

30

45

3

E

ZOO

718

 

Ecology of Zoo and Captive Animal

History and Principles of Menageries and zoo management; Practical management of Captive Animals; Behaviour of Captive Animals –socials, feeding and reproductive behaviours; types and causes of abnormal behaviour in captivity; CITES(the Convention on international trade In Endangered Species); Case studies.

30

45

3

E

ZOO

719

 

Wetlands

What are wetlands? Distribution of Wetlands in Nigeria; Ecology of Wetlands; Biology of Wetland fauna; Values of Wetlands. Field Studies.

30

90

3

E

ZOO 701

Pollution and Climate Change

Nature, sources and types of pollutants in the ecosystem, Physical and chemical transformation of major pollutants, Impacts of air, water and soil pollution, Effects of pollution on plants and animal functions, Pollution identification, monitoring, modelling and management, Climate change, acid rain impacts on crops and livestocks, role of living things in maintaining the global climate system, Terrestrial biotic responses to environmental change and feedback on climate. Mitigation of the impacts of climate change

30

90

3

E

 

R=Required 

E=Elective 

 

 

 

 

 

M.Sc. Zoology (Entomology)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 760

Insect taxonomy

The principles of insect classification: introduction to the characters used in identification of insects at various taxonomic levels. Techniques for the collection and preservation of insects.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 761

Insect Ecology

The effect of environmental factor- temperature, relative humidity, rainfall, wind etc- on insects. Intraspecific and interspecific competition. Insect population dynamics, including the use of life-tables in population models.

30

90

4

E

ZOO 762

Insect Physiology and Biochemistry

The integument. Digestion; excretion; water and temperature relations and ionic regulation; respiration; circulation. Nerve and muscle function; locomotion. Sensory perception; sound and light production. Metabolism and energetic. Reproduction, growth and development. Hormones. Pheromones. The physiology of insecticides resistance.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 763

Biology of non-insect Arthropods

Biology of terrestrial non-insect arthropods in tropical Africa

30

45

3

E

ZOO 764

Aquatic Entomology

The aquatic environment as a living medium for insects. Habitat selection and adaptations. Production turnover. Aquatic insects as indices of pollution.

30

45

3

R

ZOO 765

Insect vectors

Types of insect vectors. The habitats, habits, life cycle and behaviour of insect vectors in the transmission and control of diseases. Chemical, biological and ecological control of insect vectors. The economic importance of insect vectors.

30

45

3

R

ZOO 766

Principles of stored products Entomology

The biology of stored products insect and factors influencing their populations. Techniques for screening stored products for infestation.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 767

Biology of some Selected Insect Groups

Taxonomy and morphomerics. Habitats, dispersal and population changes. Food plants and feeding behaviour. Utilization of food and general metabolism. Circadian and other rhythms. Locometer activity flight. Sensory perception. Sound production. Reproduction embryonic and post-embryonic development. The economic importance of grasshopper, especially in the tropics. Biological and chemical control.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 768

Management of Harmful Insects

Biology of some selected insects harmful to man and his activities. Methods of control and current practice of management of such pest case studies of at least 3 harmful pests.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 769

Research Techniques in Entomology

Research methods in: stored products entomology, medical entomology, environmental entomology and insect preservation techniques. Slide preparation for insect parts.

15

90

3

R

 

R=Required 

E=Elective 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

 

 M. Sc. Zoology (Hydrobiology and Fisheries) 

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO

717

Marine Ecology

Ecology of coastal waters including estuaries and lagoons. Physical and chemical oceanography. Marine resources, marine pollution.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 780

Fish Biology

Food and feeding Habits. Identification of gut content. Age and growth. Reproduction, breeding and life cycles. Prey-predator relationships. Population studies, recruitment and mortality.

30

90

4

R

ZOO 781

Limnology

Physico-chemical parameters of the aquatic environment. Plankton and benthos. Primary and secondary production. Allochthorous production in inland waters. Man-made lakes. The effect of pollution.

45

45

4

R

ZOO 782

Principles of fish culture

Dam and pond construction. Stocking and pond management. Cropping and marketing. Cage culture; raceways and closed circulation systems. Fish propagation, controlled natural and induced spawning. Hatchery organization and management.

30

90

4

R

ZOO 783

Taxonomy of Nigerian Fishes

Principles of taxonomy. Taxonomic tools in fisheries: morphological, morphometric, meristic, electrophoresis and genetic tools in identification (Karyology, DNA typing etc) of fishes; Identification of freshwater, brackish and marine fin and shell fishes.

15

90

3

R

ZOO 784

Aquatic Resources

Dynamics of living aquatic resources, Concept of maximum sustainable yield, regulations, International management of aquatic Resources; Stock and stock assessment, Fishing efforts, Equilibrium yield and fishing rate, Fish statistics; Fish exploitation: trends/remedies. Management policies, Nigeria Fishery policies and cooperative. Controlled harvest of fin and shell fishes and mammals.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 785

Fish and fishing Technology

Fish preservation and processing; Fish by products; Assessment of fish quality; Fishing methods; Evolution of fishing methods- Trawls, Nets, Gears, and Gear types; fish location gadgets.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 786

Fish Nutrition and Growth

Nutritional requirement of fish; Organic and inorganic nutrients; Energy requirement of fish; Ration levels; Growth studies; Early growth; Factors affecting growth; Growth parameters-FCE, PER etc.

30

45

3

E

 

R=Required                          

E=Elective 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 M.Sc. Zoology (Parasitology) 

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

 Status

ZOO 770

Basic Principles and Concepts in Parasitology

Heterospecific association among animals (symbiology), Types of parasitism, parasites and their hosts. The effects of parasitism on the parasite and host. Distribution of parasites in a host population; factors influencing parasite density and distribution; Host parasite specificity; The species problem and the evolution of parasitism in the animal kingdom.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 771

Taxonomy of Parasitic organisms

Principles of the taxonomy of protozoan, platyhelminth, nematode and arthropod parasites. Problems of taxonomy of parasites in tropical Africa. Theory and practice of classification.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 772

Transmission and Diseases of Protozoan Parasites

Pattern of transmission and types of diseases caused by protozoan parasites in the Tropics. Transmission stages and adaptations to parasitic diseases transmission. Types of parasite habitat; The roles of the behaviour of protozoan parasites and their host in disease transmission; Circadian rhythms in protozoan parasite transmission.

30

45

3

R

ZOO 773

Epidemiology and Control of Parasitic Diseases in the Tropics

Principles of Epidemiology: Types of epidemiological surveys – longitudinal and horizontal cross-sectional; types of epidemiological studies – descriptive, experimental, analytical; patterns of disease occurrence in a population –sporadic, endemic, epidemic/pandemic. Causation and distribution of disease; prevalence and disease burden; Epidemiological determinants and control of specific parasites diseases in tropical Africa.

30

45

3

R

ZOO 774

Physiology and Biochemistry of Parasites

Bioenergetics, purines, pyrimidines biosynthesis, amino acid metabolism and membrane Biology of parasitic protozoa and helminthes. Natural requirement of parasites. Subcellular organization of metabolic pathways.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 775

Research Techniques in Parasitology

Measurements of parasitic infections in a population – prevalence, incidence, intensity. Questionnaires-types, pre-testing etc. presentation of epidemiological information. Ethics in parasitological studies. Sampling (epidemiological) methods in field and laboratory investigations. Collection, preservation and identification of protozoan, platyhelminth, nematode and arthropod parasites; egg and larva counts. Collection, preservation and identification of parasites vectors (intermediate hosts). In vitro cultivation of parasites; histochemical techniques.

30

45

4

R

ZOO 776

Transmission and Diseases of Helminth Parasites

Helminths (cestode, trematode and nematode) transmission pattern-mechanical [non cyclical and biological (cyclical)]. Helminth parasite life cycles-direct and indirect: host location, host entry, parasite establishment and nutritional requirements, reproduction and routes of parasites exit. Transmission stages and adaptations to parasitic diseases transmission. Types of parasite habitat provided by the vertebrate host. Transmission pathways. Types of diseases caused by helminths. The role of the behaviour of helminthes parasites and the hosts in disease transmission circadian rhythms in helminth parasite transmission.

30

45

3

R

ZOO 777

Parasite Immunology

Innate and adaptive immunity. Cells, tissues and organs of the immune systems. Antigens, immune responses and inflammation. Anti bodies: structure and function. Regulation of immune response. Immunity to parasites (protozoa and helminths): polyclonal activation of B lymphocytes, macrophage activation and immunodepression. Immunopathology – Advances in immunization against parasitic infection: Antigen used as vaccines, effectiveness and safety of vaccines. Harmful immunity. Evasion of immune response. Immunological techniques; Antigen – antibody interaction; isolation of pure antigen and lymphocyte populations; effector cell assays.

30

45

3

E

 

R=Required 

E=Elective 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 M.Sc. Zoology Compulsory Courses (FOR All M.Sc. Students)              

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 750

Project

A research project in an area of Zoology in which the student is specializing.

0

270

6

C

ZOO 751

Seminar

Critical review of literature on current topics in specific areas of Zoology, assessed by seminar presentation and written report.

0

90

2

C

ZOO 752

Research Techniques

Experimental design and statistical analysis including software packages. Sampling methods. Information search and retrieval: writing scientific reports and dissertations. Instrumentation and general laboratory techniques.  Bioethics.

30

90

4

C

 

C=Compulsory

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRICULUM FOR M.Phil DEGREE PROGRAMME

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS, DURATION AND REGISTRATION:

a.   Admission to the programme shall be open to:

  1. Candidates who have attained a weighted average of 50% or C.G.P.A. of 3.0 - 3.9 in the course examinations for the M.Sc. Degree Programme in Zoology of the University of Ibadan, and made satisfactory progress in their research.
  2. Candidates who possess Masters Degree in Zoology, each case being considered on its own merit.

b. Candidates in the M.Phil. Degree shall be required to carry out original research. Their research work shall commence in the first year of registration.

c. Candidates admitted to the programme will be required to pass 9 units of 700 or 800 level courses.

d. The Degree shall be awarded on the basis of a dissertation resulting from original independent research and satisfactory performance in the programme.

 

EXAMINATION AND GRADING:

This will follow Postgraduate School guidelines.

RESEARCH SUPERVISORS AND COURSE TEACHERS

Each candidate for the higher Degree Programme shall have one or more supervisors. The Supervisors of candidates for M.Phil Degree must have a minimum of three years post-doctoral research/teaching experience.

SUMMARY OF COURSES

Courses and Project Load

a)      All candidates shall be required to register for and take an approved combination of courses. Courses shall be evaluated in terms of course units and/or contact hours.

b)      A course unit is currently defined as one hour lecture/tutorial contact hour per week; or three hours of laboratory/practical class per week throughout a semester; or an equivalent amount of other assigned study or practical experience or any combination of these.

Courses available to candidate admitted into each area of specialization are listed below. Students are also advised, wherever appropriate, to register for courses available in other departments.

 

SUMMARY OF COURSES OFFERED BY M.Phil ZOOLOGY STUDENTS

Course codes

Short Title and Description of Course

Units

Status

 

(a)     Animal Physiology

 

 

ZOO 820   

The Physiology of Development                                                            

3

E

ZOO 821

The Kinetics and Characterization of Digestive Enzymes         

3

E

ZOO 822

Food Selection and Feeding in Animals                                      

3

E

 

(b)     Cell Biology and Genetics, Cellular Parasitology

 

 

ZOO 890

Genetic Engineering                                                               

3

E

ZOO 891

The Cell Surface                                                                      

3

E

ZOO 892

Intracellular Protein and Membrane Traffic                           

3

E

ZOO 893

Human Molecular Genetics                                                   

3

E

ZOO 894

Carcinogenesis                                                                         

3

E

ZOO 895

Cell and Molecular Biology of Trypanosomes                      

3

E

ZOO 896

Cell and Molecular Biology of Plasmodium Species            

3

E

ZOO 897

Immune response to Plasmodium infection                           

3

E

ZOO 898

Molecular Epidemiology                                     

3

E

 

(c)     Ecology and Environmental Biology

 

 

ZOO 810

Biodiversity                                                                            

4

E

ZOO 811

Measurements in Ecology                                                       

4

E

ZOO 812

Recent Advances in Ecotoxicology                                       

3

E

ZOO 813

Environmental Health                                                             

3

E

ZOO 814

Harnessing Natures Resources                                               

3

E

 

(d)     Entomology

 

 

ZOO 861

ZOO 862

ZOO 863

ZOO 864

Methods of determining insects infestation                        

Insecticides and Toxicology                                                  

Economic Entomology                                                        

Medical Entomology                                                           

3

3

3

3

E

E

E

E

 

(e)     Hydrobiology and Fisheries

 

 

ZOO 881

ZOO 882

ZOO 883

ZOO 884

Fish Nutritional Diseases                                                     

Advances in Aquaculture                                                     

Aquatic Pollution                                                                  

 Biology of Tropical Fishes                                                   

3

3

3

3

E

E

E

E

 

(f)      Parasitology

 

 

ZOO 871

ZOO 871 Chemotherapy of Parasitic infections                                    

3

E

ZOO 872

ZOO 872 Recent Advances in the Epidemiology of Parasitic Disease 

3

E

ZOO 873

ZOO 873 Ultrastructure of Parasitic Organisms                                   

3

E

ZOO 874

ZOO 874 In vitro Studies of Parasitic Organisms                                  

3

E

 

E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

DETAILS OF M.Phil ZOOLOGY COURSE DESCRIPTION

 

M.Phil ZOOLOGY (ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY) 

Course  code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO  820

The  Physiology  of  Development

An  advance study of  physiology  changes  during  the  growth  and  development  of  selected  animal  types.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 821

The  Kinetics  and  Characterization  of  Digestive  Enzymes

The basis for characterizing digestive enzymes: theoretical and experimental aspects.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 822

Food  Selection  and  Feeding  in  Animals

A  consideration  of  the  ways  by  which  animals  locate  their  food. The process of feeding and digestion.

45

0

3

E

 

E=Elective               

 

 

 

 

 

                                               

               

M.Phil ZOOLOGY (CELL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS);

M.Phil ZOOLOGY (CELLULAR PARASITOLOGY)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO  890

Genetic  Engineering

Vector-hosts systems.  Synthesis and Cloning of CDNA construction of genomic libraries. Identification and analysis of recombinant DNA clones. Site-directed mutagenesis and protein engineering.  Applications of recombinant DNA Technology. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO  891

The  Cell  Surface

Cell surface architecture, Distribution of proteins over cell membranes. Cell surface receptors. Endocytosis. Molecular basis of cell recognition. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO  892

Intracellular  Protein  and  Membrane  Traffic

Synthesis of non-cytoplasmic proteins.  Transport of proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum. Pathways of proteins to and from the Golgi apparatus.  Protein targeting to organelles. Transport of proteins across membranes. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO   893

Human  Molecular Genetics 

Cytogenetics and approaches to studies of individual, human.

Chromosomes, Biochemical genetics, Immunogenetics, Human evolution.

45

0

3

E

 

ZOO   894

Carcinogenesis

Carcinogens in the Tropics, Mutation and Cancer, chemical carcinogenesis, Molecular mechanism of cancer formation, Cancer Chemoprevention, Apoptosis and Cancer.

 

45

0

3

E

ZOO  895

Cell  and  Molecular  Biology  of  Trypanosomes

Pleimorphism and transformation. Bioenergetics, Organelles and  intracellular  traffic, Membrane  biology, The cell surface  an  antigen  variation,  Molecular  Biology  of  the  variant  surface  glycoprotein. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO  896

Cell  and  Molecular  Biology  of  Plasmodium  Species

Ultrastructure, Bioenergetics, The cell surface and mechanisms of red cell invasion, Recombinant DNA technology and application in development of malaria vaccine.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 897

Immune response to Plasmodium infection

The pivotal role of macrophages and other important cellular effectors, molecules, and cytokines involved in the activation of the immune response at the different stages of human falciparum malaria. The putative mechanisms by which cytokines may mediate beneficial and harmful effects, through activation of phagocytic cells.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 898

Molecular Epidemiology

The use of modern methods for the analysis of biological macromolecules in the field of the parasite epidemiology. Discriminatory tools for: typing or identifying parasites, to the individual level and directly from patients. The principles and applications of molecular epidemiology.  Specific examples of some of the main applications in recent years. 

45

0

3

E

 E=Elective

 

M.Phil Zoology (Ecology and EnvironmentAL Biology) 

Course  code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 810

Biodiversity

Nature variety and diversity, Genetics biodiversity, species biodiversity, ecosystem biodiversity, measuring biodiversity, Biological resources, Social Related.

30

90

4

E

ZOO 811

Measurements in Ecology

Environmental baseline study, Environmental Audits, Environmental impact Assessment, Environmental Post Impact Assessment ISO 14001. Case studies of specific environment.

30

90

4

E

ZOO 812

Recent Advances in Ecotoxicology and Monitoring

Ecological disturbances, methods of ecotoxicological assessment, recent reports on in situ ex situ ecotoxicological assessment in Nigeria.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 813

Environmental Health

Effects of chemical pollutant on Human health, Effects of environmental pollutant on Wildlife. Case studies in Nigeria.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 814

Harnessing Natures Resources

Methods and Impact of culture and technology in the harnessing of natures resources.

30

45

3

E

 

      E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

M.Phil ZOOLOGY (ENTOMOLOGY)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 861

Methods of determining insects infestation

Insects of stored products, detection of insects in food samples, detection in storage facilities 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 862

Insecticides and Toxicology

Insecticides formation and Applications, Insecticide metabolism and Toxicology

45

0

3

E

ZOO 863

Economic Entomology

Apiculture, Sericulture, Biology, Control and culture of edible insects e.g. Termite, Locust, Rhinoceros beetle etc

45

0

3

E

ZOO 864

Medical Entomology

Insects of medical importance, Arthropod transmission of vertebrates, The epidemiology of Arthropod borne diseases, malaria, Leishmaniasis, Filariasis, management of Arthropod diseases via vector control, prevention and control of Arthropod borne diseases 

45

0

3

E

 

      E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M.Phil ZOOLOGY (PARASITOLOGY)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 871

Chemotherapy  of  Parasitic  infections

Recent  advances  in  the  chemotherapy  of  major  parasitic  diseases  of  man in  the tropics  and  subtropics. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 872

Recent  Advances  in  the  Epidemiology  of  Parasitic  Disease

Practical  epidemiology; the  epidemiologic  state  of  major  parasitic  diseases  of  man  in  tropical  Africa. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 873

Ultrastructure  of  Parasitic  Organisms

Advances  in  the  uses  of  electron  microscope;  aspects  of  the  ultrastructure of  major  parasitic  organisms  of  Man;  utilization  of  ultrastructural  studies in  solving  parasitological  problem.   

45

0

3

E

ZOO 874

In  vitro  Studies  of  Parasitic  Organisms

Cultivation  of  parasitic  organisms  in  vitro, Advances  in  vitro  studies  of  major  parasitic  organisms  of  man. 

45

0

3

E

 

     E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

                               

 

M.Phil ZOOLOGY (HYDROBIOLOGY AND FISHERIES)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 881

Fish  Nutritional  Diseases

Dietary  requirements  of  tropical  fish  species  including  amino  acids,  vitamins and  mineral  salts,  Natural  and  artificial  foods,  Nutritional  deficiencies  and  diseases.  Non-nutrient   components of the diet.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 882

Advances  in  Aquaculture

Fish   Hybridization.  Stock   manipulation,   Feed   formulation and evaluation.  Culture   of   shell fishes. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 883

Aquatic  Pollution

Industrial effluent discharges -   their effects on aquatic life.  The oil industry and aquatic environment. Impact assessment and monitoring. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 884

Biology of Tropical  Fishes

Specific Studies on biology of selected tropical fishes.

Effects of Environmental parameters on the biology of fishes. 

45

0

3

E

 

   E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRICULUM FOR Ph.D DEGREE PROGRAMME 

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS, DURATION AND REGISTRATION: 

  1. Admission to the programme shall be open to:

(i)     Candidates who have attained a weighted average of 60% or C.G.P.A. of 5.0 and above in the course examinations for the M.Sc. Degree Programme in Zoology of the University of Ibadan.

(ii)   Candidates who have attained 55-59% or C.G.P.A of 4.0 – 4.9 in the course examinations for the M.Sc. Degree Programme in Zoology of the University of Ibadan; who have satisfied the courses required for the degree, and have been permitted by the Senate to upgrade their registration on the basis of satisfactory progress in research.

(iii) Candidates who possess the M.Phil. Degree or equivalent qualification in Zoology, each case being considered on its own merit.

  1. Candidates admitted to the programme may be required to audit relevant courses at the 700 and 800 levels.
  2. Candidates for the Ph.D. Degree shall be required to carry out original research.
  3. The Degree shall be awarded on the basis of a thesis embodying original contribution to knowledge and satisfactory performance in any of the courses taken.
  4. Duration of M.Phil. and Ph.D. programmes are as stipulated by the Postgraduate School University of Ibadan.

 

EXAMINATION AND GRADING:

This will follow Postgraduate School guidelines.

RESEARCH SUPERVISORS AND COURSE TEACHERS

Each candidate for the Ph.D Degree Programme shall have one or more supervisors. The Supervisors of candidates for Ph.D Degree must have a minimum of three years post-doctoral research/teaching experience.

SUMMARY OF COURSES

Courses and Project Load

a.   All M.Phil/Ph.D candidates shall be required to register for and take an approved combination of courses. Courses shall be evaluated in terms of course units and/or contact hours.

b.  A course unit is currently defined as one hour lecture/tutorial contact hour per week; or three hours of laboratory/practical class per week throughout a semester; or an equivalent amount of other assigned study or practical experience or any combination of these.

Courses available to candidate admitted into M.Phil./Ph.D each area of specialization are listed below. Students are also advised, wherever appropriate, to register for courses available in other departments.

 

SUMMARY OF COURSES OFFERED BY M.Phil/Ph.D. ZOOLOGY STUDENTS

Course codes

Short Title and Description of Course

Units

Status

 

(a)     Animal Physiology

 

 

ZOO 820   

The Physiology of Development                                                             

3

E

ZOO 821

The Kinetics and Characterization of Digestive Enzymes         

3

E

ZOO 822

Food Selection and Feeding in Animals                                      

3

E

 

(b)     Cell Biology and Genetics, Cellular Parasitology

 

 

ZOO 890

Genetic Engineering                                                               

3

E

ZOO 891

The Cell Surface                                                                     

3

E

ZOO 892

Intracellular Protein and Membrane Traffic                            

3

E

ZOO 893

Human Molecular Genetics                                                   

3

E

ZOO 894

Carcinogenesis                                                                        

3

E

ZOO 895

Cell and Molecular Biology of Trypanosomes                       

3

E

ZOO 896

Cell and Molecular Biology of Plasmodium Species            

3

E

ZOO 897

Immune response to Plasmodium infection                           

3

E

ZOO 898

Molecular Epidemiology                                     

3

E

 

(c)     Ecology and Environmental Biology

 

 

ZOO 810

Biodiversity                                                                           

4

E

ZOO 811

Measurements in Ecology                                                       

4

E

ZOO 812

Recent Advances in Ecotoxicology                                       

3

E

ZOO 813

Environmental Health                                                            

3

E

ZOO 814

Harnessing Natures Resources                                               

3

E

 

(d)     Entomology

 

 

ZOO 861

Methods of determining insects infestation                        

3

E

ZOO 862

Insecticides and Toxicology                                                  

3

E

ZOO 863

Economic Entomology                                                         

3

E

ZOO 864

Medical Entomology                                                           

3

E

 

(e)     Hydrobiology and Fisheries

 

 

ZOO 881

Fish Nutritional Diseases                                                     

3

E

ZOO 882

Advances in Aquaculture                                                     

3

E

ZOO 883

Aquatic Pollution                                                                 

3

E

ZOO 884

 Biology of Tropical Fishes                                                   

3

E

 

(f)      Parasitology

 

 

ZOO 871

ZOO 871 Chemotherapy of Parasitic infections                                    

3

E

ZOO 872

ZOO 872 Recent Advances in the Epidemiology of Parasitic Disease 

3

E

ZOO 873

ZOO 873 Ultrastructure of Parasitic Organisms                                    

3

E

ZOO 874

ZOO 874 In vitro Studies of Parasitic Organisms                                  

3

E

 

E=Elective

 

 

 

 

DETAILS OF M.Phil./Ph.D COURSE DESCRIPTION

 M.Phil./Ph.D ZOOLOGY (ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY) 

Course  code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO  820

The  Physiology  of  Development

An  advance study of  physiology  changes  during  the  growth  and  development  of  selected  animal  types.

 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 821

The  Kinetics  and  Characterization  of  Digestive  Enzymes

The basis for characterizing digestive enzymes: theoretical and experimental  aspects.

 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 822

Food  Selection  and  Feeding  in  Animals

A  consideration  of  the  ways  by  which  animals  locate  their  food. The process of feeding and digestion.

45

0

3

E

 

E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                              

 

M.Phil./Ph.D ZOOLOGY (CELL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS);

M.Phil./Ph.D ZOOLOGY (CELLULAR PARASITOLOGY)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO  890

Genetic  Engineering

Vector-hosts systems.  Synthesis and Cloning of CDNA construction of genomic libraries. Identification and analysis of recombinant DNA clones. Site-directed mutagenesis and protein engineering.  Applications of recombinant DNA Technology. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO  891

The  Cell  Surface

Cell surface architecture, Distribution of proteins over cell membranes. Cell surface receptors. Endocytosis. Molecular basis of cell recognition. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO  892

Intracellular  Protein  and  Membrane  Traffic

Synthesis of non-cytoplasmic proteins.  Transport of proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum. Pathways of proteins to and from the Golgi apparatus.  Protein targeting to organelles. Transport of proteins across membranes. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO   893

Human  Molecular Genetics 

Cytogenetics and approaches to studies of individual, Human Chromosomes, Biochemical genetics, Immunogenetics, Human evolution.

45

0

3

E

 

ZOO   894

Carcinogenesis

Carcinogens in the Tropics, Mutation and Cancer, chemical carcinogenesis, Molecular mechanism of cancer formation, Cancer Chemoprevention, Apoptosis and Cancer.

 

45

0

3

E

ZOO  895

Cell  and  Molecular  Biology  of  Trypanosomes

Pleimorphism and transformation. Bioenergetics, Organelles and  intracellular  traffic, Membrane  biology, The cell surface  an  antigen  variation,  Molecular  Biology  of  the  variant  surface  glycoprotein. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO  896

Cell  and  Molecular  Biology  of  Plasmodium  Species

Ultrastructure, Bioenergetics, The cell surface and mechanisms of red cell invasion, Recombinant DNA technology and application in development of malaria vaccine.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 897

Immune response to Plasmodium infection

The pivotal role of macrophages and other important cellular effectors, molecules, and cytokines involved in the activation of the immune response at the different stages of human falciparum malaria. The putative mechanisms by which cytokines may mediate beneficial and harmful effects, through activation of phagocytic cells.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 898

Molecular Epidemiology

The use of modern methods for the analysis of biological macromolecules in the field of the parasite epidemiology. Discriminatory tools for: typing or identifying parasites, to the individual level and directly from patients. The principles and applications of molecular epidemiology.  Specific examples of some of the main applications in recent years. 

45

0

3

E

 

E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 M.Phil./Ph.d Zoology (Ecology and EnvironmentAL Biology) 

Course  code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 810

Biodiversity

Nature variety and diversity, Genetics biodiversity, species biodiversity, ecosystem biodiversity, measuring biodiversity, Biological resources, Social Related.

30

90

4

E

ZOO 811

Measurements in Ecology

Environmental baseline study, Environmental Audits, Environmental impact Assessment, Environmental Post Impact Assessment ISO 14001. Case studies of specific environment.

30

90

4

E

ZOO 812

Recent Advances in Ecotoxicology and Monitoring

Ecological disturbances, methods of ecotoxicological assessment, recent reports on in situ ex situ ecotoxicological assessment in Nigeria.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 813

Environmental Health

Effects of chemical pollutant on Human health, Effects of environmental pollutant on Wildlife. Case studies in Nigeria.

30

45

3

E

ZOO 814

Harnessing Natures Resources

Methods and Impact of culture and technology in the harnessing of natures resources.

30

45

3

E

 

     E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

  M.Phil./Ph.D ZOOLOGY (ENTOMOLOGY)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 861

Methods of determining insects infestation

Insects of stored products, detection of insects in food samples, detection in storage facilities 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 862

Insecticides and Toxicology

Insecticides formation and Applications, Insecticide metabolism and Toxicology

45

0

3

E

ZOO 863

Economic Entomology

Apiculture, Sericulture, Biology, Control and culture of edible insects e.g. Termite, Locust, Rhinoceros beetle etc

45

0

3

E

ZOO 864

Medical Entomology

Insects of medical importance, Arthropod transmission of vertebrates, The epidemiology of Arthropod borne diseases, malaria, Leishmaniasis, Filariasis, management of Arthropod diseases via vector control, prevention and control of Arthropod borne diseases 

45

0

3

E

 

   E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

   M.Phil./Ph.D ZOOLOGY (PARASITOLOGY)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 871

Chemotherapy  of  Parasitic  infections

Recent  advances  in  the  chemotherapy  of  major  parasitic  diseases  of  man in  the tropics  and  subtropics. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 872

Recent  Advances  in  the  Epidemiology  of  Parasitic  Disease

Practical  epidemiology; the  epidemiologic  state  of  major  parasitic  diseases  of  man  in  tropical  Africa. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 873

Ultrastructure  of  Parasitic  Organisms

Advances  in  the  uses  of  electron  microscope;  aspects  of  the  ultrastructure of  major  parasitic  organisms  of  Man;  utilization  of  ultrastructural  studies in  solving  parasitological  problem.   

45

0

3

E

ZOO 874

In  vitro  Studies  of  Parasitic  Organisms

Cultivation  of  parasitic  organisms  in  vitro, Advances  in  vitro  studies  of  major  parasitic  organisms  of  man. 

45

0

3

E

 

    E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

   M.Phil./Ph.D ZOOLOGY (HYDROBIOLOGY AND FISHERIES)

Course code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

ZOO 881

Fish  Nutritional  Diseases

Dietary  requirements  of  tropical  fish  species  including  amino  acids,  vitamins and  mineral  salts,  Natural  and  artificial  foods,  Nutritional  deficiencies  and  diseases.  Non-nutrient   components of the diet.

45

0

3

E

ZOO 882

Advances  in  Aquaculture

Fish   Hybridization.  Stock   manipulation,   Feed   formulation and evaluation.  Culture   of   shell fishes. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 883

Aquatic  Pollution

Industrial effluent discharges -   their effects on aquatic life.  The oil industry and aquatic environment. Impact assessment and monitoring. 

45

0

3

E

ZOO 884

Biology of Tropical  Fishes

Specific Studies on biology of selected tropical fishes.

Effects of Environmental parameters on the biology of fishes. 

45

0

3

E

 

   E=Elective

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROFESSIONAL POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) IN APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL ZOOLOGY

 ENTRY REQUIREMENTS, DURATION AND REGISTRATION

Admission to the programmes shall be open to graduates with a minimum of 3rd class of the University of Ibadan or other Universities recognized by the Senate, who have been admitted to the Bachelor of Science /Education Degree in Zoology/Biology/Environmental Biology or related disciplines namely, Biochemistry, Animal Physiology, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Wildlife and Ecotourism, and Animal Science. Candidates who obtain HND (minimum of lower credit) in relevant disciplines may also be considered. Qualified candidates will be examined before admission. Candidates admitted to the programme shall be required to register for a minimum of 24 units and maximum of 36 units, including ZOO 701 and ZOO 702.

To qualify for the award of the Degree, a candidate must spend a minimum of two semesters and maximum of four semesters, and pass at least 24 units including all compulsory courses indicated for the programme.

Candidates admitted to the programme may be required to audit relevant courses at the undergraduate level.

COURSE TEACHERS AND SUPERVISORS

Each candidate for the PGD Programme shall have one or more advisors. The course teachers and advisors must be PhD holders in the relevant disciplines. 

 SUMMARY OF COURSES

 

Course Load

  1. All candidates shall be required to register for and take an approved combination of courses. Courses shall be evaluated in terms of course units and/or contact hours.
  2. A course unit is currently defined as one hour lecture/tutorial contact hour per week; or three hours of laboratory/practical class per week throughout a semester; or an equivalent amount of other assigned study or practical experience or any combination of these.

 

EXAMINATION AND GRADING

This will follow Postgraduate School regulations.

SUMMARY OF PROFESSIONAL POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) COURSES IN APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL ZOOLOGY

Courses available to candidate admitted into the programme are listed below.

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE AND DESCRIPTION

UNITS

STATUS

Compulsory

 

 

 

PDZ 701 

Current Topics in Zoology                                                     

2

       C

PDZ 702 

 Statistics and Experimental Design in Zoology                     

2

       C

 

 

Total Compulsory = 4 units

 

 

Required

 

 

 

PDZ 705 

Essentials of Cell Biology and Genetics                                

3

       R

PDZ 707 

 Bioentrepreneurship

2

       R

PDZ 710 

Environmental Waste Management

2

       R

PDZ 713 

Fish Farming Techniques and Hatchery Management

3

       R

PDZ 714 

Epidemiology and Control of Parasitic Diseases

3

       R

PDZ 716 

Integrated Pest Management

3

       R

 

Total Required = 16 units

 

 

Elective

 

 

 

PDZ 703 

Ecophysiology

2

       E

PDZ 704 

Neurophysiology and Behaviour in Animals                         

2

       E

PDZ 706                         

 Animal Biotechnology                                                           

2

       E

PDZ 708 

Forensic Biology                                                                 

2

       E

PDZ 709 

Applied Toxicology                                                                

2

       E

PDZ 711 

 Vertebrate and Invertebrate Paleontology                            

2

       E 

PDZ 712 

Fisheries Ecology and Management                                     

2

       E

PDZ 715 

Methods in Parasite Detection

2

       E

PDZ 717 

Medical Entomology and Disease Vectors

2

       E

PDZ 718 

Zoo and Museum Keeping

2

       E

 

Total Elective = 20 units

 

 

 

Grand Total = 40 units

 

 

 

C=Compulsory      

R=Required 

E=Elective

                 

 

 

DETAILS OF PROFESSIONAL POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA (PGD) COURSES IN APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL ZOOLOGY

Course Code

Course Title and Description

Lecture/ Tutorial Hour

Practical Hour

Units

Status

PDZ 701

CURRENT TOPICS IN ZOOLOGY  

Students are to choose topics of interest in Zoology and are to be assigned to a supervisor. Assessment is by seminar presentation and essay write up. 

45

0

2

C

PDZ 702

STATISTICS AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN IN ZOOLOGY

Modern statistical analysis of biodata, research design, use of instruments in Biology, ethical issues in research design, scientific writings, animal use and care.

15

45

2

C

PDZ 703

ECOPHYSIOLOGY

Environmental factors and their effects on organisms, physiological adaptation of animals to environmental changes, physiological responses of animals to environmental pollution. Homeostasis control mechanism, positive and negative feedback, homeostasis imbalance, homeostasis of body temperature, blood glucose and blood water.

15

45

2

E

PDZ 704

NEUROPHYSIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR IN ANIMALS

Nervous organization in invertebrate and vertebrates, central and peripheral nerves, Brain and cranial nerves, propagation and transmission of nerve impulse. Nervous integration and neural control of muscle function. Classification and features of invertebrate and vertebrate hormones, regulation of hormone production and action, hormone receptors, reproductive hormones.

15

45

2

E

PDZ 705

ESSENTIALS OF CELL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS

Cell cycle, regulations of cell cycle, mitosis and meiosis, chromosome structure and functions, DNA synthesis, mutation, Gene environment interaction, Genetics, cancer and the environment.

30

 

45

3

R

PDZ 706

ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

DNA structure and function, DNA manipulation, Principles of genetic engineering (Biotechnology), Applications of Genetic Engineering (e.g. in medicine, Agriculture etc). Genetically modified foods, genetically modified organisms, Biosafety, Biotechnology and the society.

15

45

2

E

PDZ 707

BIOENTREPRENEURSHIP

Zoological Businesses: Principles of bee-keeping (Apiculture), types of hives, colonization, products of bee farm harvesting, pests and diseases in bee farming. Wild and cultivated silk, types of silkworm, their distribution and biology. Insects as human food. Local birds/Aviary: Domesticated and non-domesticated. Vermiculture and vermicomposting.  Fish farm planning and organization, farm budgeting, farm growth, and problems of organizing and managing fish farms under commercial peasant systems, the scope of fishery business management. Types of credit extended to fish farmers, sources of credit loan, marketing, fish farm records and accounting, financial management. Frog farming. Snail farming. Ethnozoology-Traditional uses of animals.

15

45

2

R

PDZ 708

FORENSIC BIOLOGY

Use of animals in Forensics. DNA Finger-printing and applications. Biology and crime detection. Paternity issues. Genetic testing, screening and counselling; lineage. Ethical issues in genetic screening.

15

45

2

E

PDZ 709

APPLIED TOXICOLOGY

Basic principles of Toxicology, Toxins and toxic substances in Foods, Household Poisons, Chemical Warfare and the ecosystem, Biotoxins (Animal poisons), Cosmetics, Bacterial Toxins, Noise, Pharmaceuticals, Metals, Plastics, Narcotics and addictive drugs. Sources, types and health effects of these toxins on animals.

15

45

2

E

PDZ 710

ENVIRONMENTAL WASTE MANAGEMENT

Basic principles of environmental waste management. Pollution, biomonitoring and environmental waste management option Solid waste management in Nigeria, Management of effluent and gaseous wastes in Nigeria, Risk assessment of chemicals. Introduction to

Environmental Impact Assessment. Bioremediation.

15

45

2

R

PDZ 711

VERTEBRATE AND INVERTEBRATE PALAEONTOLOGY

Evolution, Pattern of descent, Fossils, carbon dating, genealogical Time scale, application of fossil prospecting. 

15

45

2

E

PDZ 712

FISHERIES ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

Fin and Shell Fish Resources of Nigeria. General features of commercially important families in Gulf of Guinea. Ecology of fishes with special reference to distribution and natural history, and its application for management of aquatic resources. Management options and natural population. Organic production in aquatic fauna and flora-algal blooms and eutrophication. Regulation and conservation. Public Health and obnoxious fishing practices.

15

45

2

E

PDZ 713

FISH FARMING TECHNIQUES AND HATCHERY MANAGEMENT

Principles and practice of aquaculture. Culture techniques. Fish farm design, Pond construction and management, selection of culture species. Stocking and feeding. Water requirements. Spawning methods. Rearing and production. Nutrition and Feed production. Hatchery management. Fish Health and diseases. Farm Book and Record Keeping.

30

45

3

R

PDZ 714

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CONTROL OF PARASITIC DISEASES  

Parasitic diseases. Factors enhancing spread and transmission of parasitic diseases. Measure of parasitic infections Role of arthropod and non- arthropod vectors in transmission. The host and environment in parasite transmission. Zoonotic infections, control measures.

30

 

45

3

R

PDZ 715

METHODS IN PARASITE DETECTION

Vector identification methods. Detection of parasites in important parasite vectors. Methods in intermediate host identification. Detection of parasites within intermediate hosts. Parasite detection in blood, body fluids and tissue. Culture methods for protozoan and helminth parasites.

15

 

45

2

E

PDZ 716

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT  

Insect Taxonomy. Preparation, preservation and culturing of insects. Tropical pest problems: recognition and underlying ecological and economic causes; cost of control measures. Biological control measures: application and effective integration. Molecular techniques in Entomology. Pesticide application, laboratory and field safety. Ecological and management principles of damage control: damage and control functions, resistance and other adaptations.

30

45

3

R

PDZ 717

MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY AND DISEASE VECTORS  

Insects: diseases and transmission. Population ecology of insects: reproductive rates, mortality, density dependent and independent processes, inter and intra species competition. Age structure and life tables of insect vectors e.g. mosquitoes, black flies, tsetse fly etc. Epidemiological models: transmission and control. Key concepts in population genetics of insects and their relevance. Field sampling of insect vector groups.

15

45

2

E

PDZ 718

ZOO AND MUSEUM KEEPING

Zoo and museum philosophy, design and layout. Care of zoo animals: handling, feeding, breeding, care of sick animals. Collection/capture of zoo animals. Collection and preservation of museum animals, taxidermy. Exhibition of animals in zoos and museums. Zoo and museum visitors.

15

45

2

E

 

C=Compulsory 

R=Required 

E=Elective